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TRUE-CENTRE Car Care Tips One





TRUE-CENTRE GUELPH


"Recommended Car Care Tips That Will Help Save You Money"



 Scheduled Oil, Lube & Filter Change:

The main purpose of engine oil is to minimize friction between your engines moving parts that would otherwise rub directly against each other under tremendous pressure severely damaging your engine and causing it to fail. An engine has many moving parts that spin fast and do so under extreme temperatures. These main engine parts not only need to be constantly lubricated, they also need to be lubricated under pressure, which forms a cushion between the parts.

Most automotive oils have a detergent in them that washes the inside of the engine, picking up moisture, acid and particles that are bi-products of the combustion chamber. Changing your oil on a regular basis is one way of removing these contaminants.

Changing your oil & filter (which traps and removes small and large particles from circulating in your engine) regularly will also prevent your engine from wearing out prematurely. This will cut down on friction and engine wear providing you with increased performance and will contribute to lowering your fuel consumption costs. Your car will pollute less, (less emissions) run smoother and it will last much longer.

Recommendation:

Change your engine oil and filter every 3,000 km's to 5000 km's. If you drive your vehicle hard, use it to tow regularly or your vehicle is high in mileage, you should change your oil as often as possible. (every 3,000 km's) Make sure you choose the right oil for your vehicle and always ask an experienced Service Adviser for their recommendation.





 Tire Design & Inspection:

Tires  are as vital to the the handling and braking efficiency of a vehicle as footwear is to a person's mobility. That's why choosing the right tires and maintaining them is so important.

Virtually all passenger cars and light trucks on the road today use radial tires. Among the various specifications imprinted on the sidewall, there are three specifications you should be familiar with. These include the section width, the aspect ratio (a.k.a. tire profile) and the wheel diameter. These dimensions collectively identify the tire size. For example: If a tire size is labeled P195/70/R15, this means that the tire is 195 millimeters wide, with a profile of 70 and a wheel diameter of 15 inches. (381 mm) The section width is measured between the outer most portions of the sidewall with the tire properly loaded  and inflated to the correct pressure. The profile or aspect ratio indicates the height of the sidewall as a percentage of the tire's width. In our example that means the sidewall is 136.5 millimeters high. (195 x .70 = 136.5) Wheel diameter simply refers to the inner diameter of the tire. The letters "P" and "R" in the tire rating stand for "Passenger" (as in passenger vehicle) and "Radial". ( as in radial tire)

Checking tire inflation pressure and tire wear are two of the simplest maintenance tasks you can perform on your vehicle. In fact, it's also one of the easiest ways to save money and maintain safety. For example: Low tire pressure not only waists fuel, it accelerates vehicle wear, increase the chances of a blowout and ultimately it affects your overall handling. If the tires are over inflated, they are more likely to incur damage from potholes, poorly maintained roads and other road hazards. That's why it is so important to keep a quality tire pressure gauge in the glove box so that you can check your tire's pressure on a regular basis.

Recommendation:

1. Refer to the vehicle's tire information label and note the pressures listed for the front and rear tires. The label is usually attached to the driver's door or door frame. (inside door frame)

2. Remove the cap on the tire valve stem and place the tire gauge squarely on the valve and press down. Now note the tire pressure reading.

3. If the reading is above the manufacture specification, press down  on the stem to release some of the tire's pressure. Now note the reading again. Continue this process until the correct tire pressure reading is achieved. If the reading is below specifications, record the reading for future reference.

4. If air must be added to one or more tires, calculate the difference between the pressure listed on the tire information label and the actual reading. Now take the vehicle to the nearest gas station (with an air compressor of course) and take a new reading of the low tire(s), and then add the calculated difference to bring the tire up to spec.

5. Remember to check the pressure of the spare tire and adjust as required. Most temporary spares should be inflated to 60 PSI. Always refer to the tire information label.

6. Tire Wear Check: Place a penny upside down in the tread groove. If you can see the top of Lincoln's  head (US penny: find one and keep it), the tire only have 2/32" (1.6mm) of thread remaining. This means it is time for a new set of tires/tire.